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Variegated Monstera Deliciosa: A Complete Guide For Beginners

  

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa


Some time back I had written a detailed post on Monstera Adansonii Propagation, today in this post I am going to talk about Variegated Monstera Deliciosa in detail which is the cousin of Monstera Adansonii and variegated version of Monstera Deliciosa.


Borsigiana is a smaller version of Deliciosa. It grows quickly but is still smaller than Monstera Deliciosa. The Deliciosa is developing huge leaves, while the Borsigiana leaves are quite small.


The variegated Monstera Deliciosa is a flower-bearing plant that bears fruit and relates to the Araceae family. Therefore, it is considered an Aroid. Monstera Obliqua and Peace Lilly are some of the examples of plants belonging to the Aroid family. The name "delicious" in English derives from the fruit of the Monstera, which tastes like a mixture of banana and pineapple and is considered a delicacy.


Monstera Deliciosa or Swiss-cheese plant, as it is commonly called, is an epiphyte, meaning that it can grow on other plants. It lives in the tropical jungles of South America. The foliage is impressive as the divided leaves are often seen in home decor magazines, as well as Instagram posts everywhere.


WHY MONSTERA DELICIOSA HAS DIVIDED LEAVES

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

The most common explanation for split leaves and holes is that plants need to withstand heavy rain and winds in nature. However, this reasoning is speculative and is not backed by enough scientific studies.

The hollows and crevices are believed to allow plants to better withstand these conditions, as there is room for wind and water to pass through without breaking the leaves. It is just a theory at the current stage and it is unproven.


DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VARIED MONSTERA DELICIOSA AND BORSIGIANA

Also, an important differentiator between the two plants is the curly stems where the stem meets the leaf in Monstera Deliciosa once they are more mature.


Borsigiana does not develop frills on the stems. Borisigana creeper and has petioles and leaves farther apart than Deliciosa. The Deliciosa has a much shorter distance between the petioles, the parts, or stems that support the leaves.

After differentiating between these two plants, let's talk about variegation quickly. The variety is the lack of chlorophyll. The most common form of variegated Monstera Deliciosa is the white form called variegated albo. There is also a yellow variegated form called Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana Aurea.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

CARE OF VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA

The variegated Monstera Deliciosa thrives in a humidity increase of over 60%, well-drained soils, and temperatures between 65-80ºF (18-27ºC). Fertilize monthly during the spring and summer with a well-balanced NPK 20-20-20 fertilizer. Do not fertilize in the fall and winter months.


Soil

Bright indirect light is best. A couple of hours of direct sunlight in the morning is fine, but be careful. Too much direct light can burn and damage the leaves. As this is a variegated Monstera Deliciosa, your plant requires more light than the non-variegated green version.


Due to the white surface, your Deliciosa has less chlorophyll in its leaves that can be used for photosynthesis.

Water as you would most indoor plants. About once a week is sufficient in most conditions. Make sure the water drains off quickly and keep it slightly damp. The variegated Monstera Deliciosa does not like to stay wet for long.


Wait for the soil to dry out until you water again. Your plant will spare you too much water once or twice, but it will develop root rot at some point if the roots stay too wet for too long. It is best to keep the soil slightly moist but never soggy.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

The best temperature range for a variegated Monstera Deliciosa is 65-80ºF (18-27ºC). Temperatures below 50ºF (10ºC) for too long will damage your plant and stunt its growth.


The variegated Monstera Deliciosa loves high humidity. Some people spray their plants every day. The Deliciosa definitely flourishes in high humidity, but it also tolerates it when you're not spraying your plant. The humidity requirements for the variegated version are even higher than for the pure green variant.


The Variegated Deliciosa can grow up to 10 feet. The Monstera plants are producing air or aerial roots that are helping the plant to fixate on other plants and trees. If you are providing your Swiss cheese plant with a moss pole the leaves will grow bigger and the stems will grow thicker and higher.


The leaves of the Variegated Monstera Deliciosa are green with white or yellow variegation. The amount of variegation varies greatly among plants. Some Monstera plants have very little white whilst others have big splashes that almost look like someone spilled a bucket of white paint on it.


Potting

Use a pot with drainage. A drainage hole at the bottom of the pot is just fine as it will prevent soil from staying humid for too long. The leaves of a mature Variegated Monstera Deliciosa are split with slits and holes. Young plants do not have this characteristic as they develop more and more slits and holes as they mature.


The variegation is on the stem as well as on the leaves. It is possible for the plant to revert and turn entirely green again.

Let's now talk more in-depth about ways to propagate the Variegated Monstera Deliciosa.


Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

CARE MONSTERA DELICIOSA

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa thrives in increased humidity above 60%, well-drained soils, and temperatures between 65-80ºF (18-27ºC). Fertilize monthly during the spring and summer with a well-balanced NPK 20-20-20 fertilizer. Do not fertilize in the fall and winter months.

To be exact we are talking about the Variegated Monstera Deliciosa. Borsigiana is a smaller version of Deliciosa. It grows quickly but is still smaller than Monstera Deliciosa. Deliciosa is developing huge leaves, while the Borsigiana leaves are quite small.


DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VARIED MONSTERA DELICIOSA AND BORSIGIANA

Also, an important differentiator between the two plants is the curly stems where the stem meets the leaf in Monstera Deliciosa once they are more mature.


Borsigiana does not develop frills on the stems. Borisigana creeper and has petioles and leaves farther apart than Deliciosa. The Deliciosa has a much shorter distance between the petioles, the parts, or stems that support the leaves.


The variegated Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana is a vine and has a greater distance between the leaves compared to a true Deliciosa.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

VARIEGATION

After differentiating between these two plants, let's talk about variegation quickly. The variety is the lack of chlorophyll. The most common form of variegated Monstera Deliciosa is the white form called variegated albo. There is also a yellow variegated form called Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana Aurea.


Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana Variegated leaf. Each sheet will look different and it is a lot of fun to see how they are turning out.

Caring for variegated Monstera Deliciosa is not difficult at all as long as some general rules are followed and it is not overwatered or overwatered. Let's now look at the care of Monstera Deliciosa Variegata (Borsigiana):

Ground

Use a well-draining potting soil. Adding perlite and orchid bark is a great way to add extra drainage for your Monstera Deliciosa.


Light

Bright indirect light is best. A couple of hours of direct sunlight in the morning is fine, but be careful. Too much direct light can burn and damage the leaves. As this is a variegated Monstera Deliciosa, your plant requires more light than the non-variegated green version.

Due to the white surface, your Deliciosa has less chlorophyll in its leaves that can be used for photosynthesis.


Watering

Water as you would most indoor plants. About once a week is sufficient in most conditions. Make sure the water drains off quickly and keep it slightly damp. The variegated Monstera Deliciosa does not like to stay wet for long.

Wait for the soil to dry out until you water again. Your plant will spare you too much water once or twice, but it will develop root rot at some point if the roots stay too wet for too long. It is best to keep the soil slightly moist but never soggy.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

Temperature

The best temperature range for a variegated Monstera Deliciosa is 65-80ºF (18-27ºC). Temperatures below 50ºF (10ºC) for too long will damage your plant and stunt its growth.


Humidity

The variegated Monstera Deliciosa loves high humidity. Some people spray their plants every day. The Deliciosa definitely flourishes in high humidity, but it also tolerates it when you're not spraying your plant.

The humidity requirements for the variegated version are even higher than for the pure green variant.


Fertilizer

Fertilize once a month in spring and summer with a liquid houseplant fertilizer and use half the proposed concentration. Do not fertilize in winter and fall, when the Monstera Deliciosa Varigarrada is not in growth mode. Use a well-balanced fertilizer with NPK values ​​of 20-20-20.


Propagation

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa is the perfect plant for propagation as it is quite easy to make. The most common method is cutting stems.

This is also the only way to ensure that you are getting a perfect clone of your plant that is variegated. Propagation from seed in most cases will not lead to variegated plants, as the variety is not transmitted


Development

The Variegated Deliciosa grows to about 10 feet. Monstera plants produce air or aerial roots that help the plant fixate on other plants and trees. If you are providing your Swiss cheese plant with a moss stick, the leaves will grow larger and the stems will grow taller and taller.

The leaves of the variegated Monstera Deliciosa are green with white or yellow variegation. The amount of variegation varies greatly between plants.

Some Monstera plants have very little white, while others have large splatters that almost look like someone has spilled a bucket of white paint on them.

If a variegated Monstera Deliciosa has half white half green leaves, it is called crescent variegation and is considered to be even rarer than the already quite rare and hard to find variegated Monstera Deliciosa.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

Pots: Use a pot with drainage. A drainage hole in the bottom of the pot is fine, as it will prevent the soil from staying wet for too long.

Monstera Deliciosa variegated care is not much different from care for other tropical houseplants. The biggest difference we would like to point out is the increased need for light due to the need to compensate for the lack of chlorophyll.

Low light conditions are not recommended for the care of Monstera Deliciosa variegated.


COMMON VARIEGATED PROBLEMS OF MONSTERA DELICIOSA

Monstera Deliciosa Variegata quickly starts to look bad if your indoor plant care isn't the best. These are the most common problems and solutions:


BROWNING LEAVES

Problem: Dark and yellowish leaves can be an indicator of excess watering, in addition to having the relationship between watering and light not controlled. In particular, the browning of the white mottled areas is due to the lack of light and also to the humidity. Some people claim that it is normal, but it can certainly be prevented as we assume you would love to keep the white parts of your precious variety.

Solution: Reduce watering and make sure your variegated Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana gets enough light. Cut off the brown parts of the leaf and the white areas, as this will help reduce the chance of the browning spreading onto the leaves.


YELLOW SHEETS

Problem: The most common cause of yellowing leaves on a Monstera Deliciosa Variegata is excess water. Overwatering is so common with indoor plants that most people won't even realize they are doing it. Also, it doesn't always mean you're overwatering.

If you are using a pot without drainage holes or potting soil that is too dense and not thick enough, the roots will stay wet for too long and will not get enough oxygen. Your plant will tell you if the leaves turn yellow.

A different reason for yellowing leaves is when old leaves are about to fall off. This is when most loose leaves first yellow and then wilt.

Solution: Check the soil and also the roots of your plant. If your soil is still soggy a week after watering, you should change your soil/pot mix of both. If the roots began to rot, you need to remove the rooted sections to prevent the rot from spreading further. Essentially no water.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

BROWN LEAF TIPS

Problem: The most common cause is a lack of humidity and dry air. Potted plants can also cause the tips of the leaves to brown.

Solution: Spray the leaves of your variegated Monstera Deliciosa plant daily. Use a pebble tray under the planter and fill it with water. In case a Monstera is tied to the boat, switch to a bigger boat.


Mites and scales

Problem: Small animals in their variegated Monstera Deliciosa. Mites are nasty creatures that suck the sap of plants and that suck the sap from the underside of plant leaves. These pests have the potential to destroy a plant if they occur in large populations. Look for tiny animal droplets and accumulations on the underside of your variegated Monstera leaves.

Scale insects are easy to spot when mature. They are brown to black in color and also suck the sugar secret from the plant's sap. Once ripe, they are fairly easy to spot with the naked eye due to their size. There are different types of scales. Another type of scale is the white scale.

Solution: Spray your plant with a dilute soap or alcohol solution. Some people recommend neem oil. If nothing else works, consider using bug spray to prevent further spread to other plants.


COMMON VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA QUESTIONS

HOW DO I CARE FOR A VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA?

The Variegated Monstera Deliciosa care is similar to the care of a regular Monstera Deliciosa in terms of soil, temperature, and watering needs. The biggest difference is that they need more light because the plants are variegated, and even more humidity to make sure that the white variegated parts are not browning.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

WHAT DO I DO IF THE WHITE PARTS ON A VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA ARE BROWNING?

Increase the humidity in the room by either spraying water on the leaves of your Variegated Monstera daily, by putting a pebble tray below the pot, or by using a humidifier. Make sure your Cheese plant is getting enough bright indirect light. Use scissors to remove the browning part on the leaves to prevent further browning. Make a cut following the natural shape of the leaves.


CAN YOU GROW VARIEGATED MONSTERA FROM SEED?

This is highly unlikely. Variegated Monstera deliciosa is not passing on this trait through seeds in most cases. A better way is to make stem cutting as they are exact clones of the mother plant.


WHERE CAN I BUY A VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA?

Although Variegated Monsteras are still rare, they are found more and more in garden centers in different countries. Your best sources to buy one are still: Etsy, eBay, and Facebook as well as boutique online plant stores.


HOW MUCH DOES A VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA COST?

Prices range tremendously for these plants. The biggest factors seem to be where you are located. Countries, where you are paying a big premium, are New Zealand, Australia, and the USA.

Specifically in the first two countries, it is not seldom to see prices between $300 – 600 for a mature specimen. Monstera Deliciosa Variegata is becoming more readily available in Europe but you are still paying between $50-$100 for just cutting with 1-3 leaves.


WILL THE PRICE FOR A VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA DECREASE OVER TIME?

As with almost everything else, economics apply also in the plant business. It is about supply and demand. The demand is still much higher than the supply.

The more people get a Variegated Monstera Deliciosa, the more cuttings will become available. But as you cannot produce variegation from seeds in most cases and you cannot tissue culture Variegated Monsteras it will take time for prices to fall.

Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

ARE THERE ANY TRUE VARIEGATED MONSTERA DELICIOSA AND NOT BORSIGIANA?

Yes, there are. The true Deliciosa form is a bigger plant with bigger leaves and certain differences such as ruffled stems where the stem meets the leaf. Although they are much more difficult to find, there are also variegated versions of the bigger brother, the true Monstera Deliciosa not Monstera Deliciosa Borsigiana.


More Frequently Asked Questions

Help! The edges of my colorful Monstera are brown.

This may be due to too little light or salt accumulation in the water. The white parts of the leaves of this plant do not contain chlorophyll and cannot aid in photosynthesis. Therefore, a versatile Monstera requires a higher light position than a non-Various Monstera. 


Also, because this variety is sensitive to salt accumulation, it is best to leave it uncovered for 24 hours before watering the plants. Many minerals and chemicals evaporate, preventing brown tips from forming.


Help! The monster is turning yellow!

If the leaves turn yellow, there are many things that can be causing it. First, make sure Monstera has enough water and light. Yellowing can often be the first sign of excess water. If you eliminate these as a possibility, Monstera may take root and need to be placed in a larger container. 


You can tell if it is rooted when the non-aerial roots are exposed above the top layer of soil and appear to rotate around the pot in search of a new home. Most Monsteras need to be replanted in one size approximately every two years.


Variegated Monstera Deliciosa
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa

There are these weird brown leafless growths coming out of my Monstera. Is it normal?

Yes! They are roots in the air and are perfectly normal. In nature, these support plants, which allow them to climb and reach more light. The roots do not damage the walls or surfaces and can be removed whenever they get out of hand.


How fast does my plant grow?

The growth of your plant depends on access to light and water. Under ideal conditions of bright indirect light and constant humidity, Monsteras can grow 1-2 feet a year. Keep in mind that Monstera's natural growth pattern is widespread rather than tall. Try staking your plant to stimulate vertical growth.


My Monstera has grown too big. What can I do?

pruning! These guys are very tough and can handle good trim. You can also use stakeholders and ties to train Monstera to grow the way your mind wants.


Can Monstera be placed next to an air conditioner/heater?

The versatile Monsteras are tropical plants that prefer a humid environment. If the conditions are too dry, the leaves will fall off. Monsteras thrives in air-conditioned apartments, but always avoid placing them in the direct fire of air-conditioned or heating units. If the leaves are moving in the air, it is advisable to look elsewhere.


How often do you need to fertilize your plants?

House plants generally thrive when fertilized from spring to autumn. Fertilize once a month with organic house plant fertilizer according to the package instructions for dilution and administration. Greenery NYC uses an organic potting mix that contains sustained-release fertilizer in the soil, so plants do not need fertilizer for the first 6 months after receiving it.


How often do my plants need to be transplanted?

For larger floor plants, it is recommended to transplant every 18-24 months. Generally, you should choose a larger potting container with a diameter of 2 to 4 inches to allow growth. Do not choose a pot that is much larger than the previous pot as it can clog the roots of the plant. 


If you want to keep the current size of the plant, transplant it into the same container, provide new soil, and trim some roots and leaves. Spring or summer is an ideal time to transplant, as the plants are the strongest.


Hope you found this detailed guide useful. I would love to hear from you people, go on and comment or write back!


Cheers and best wishes!

Chao 👋

You may also like:

Monstera Adansonii Propagation and Care: A Complete Guide to Grow the Swiss Cheese Plant at Home

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