Philodendron Micans: A Handy Care Guide For Beginners

philodendron micans
One of my favorite plants on earth: Philodendron Micans!

Blog last updated on June 8, 2022

Over the last 3-4 months, I have added a range of plants to my home. During this period, I bought variegated monstera, monstera adansonii, golden pothos, ZZ plant, croton petra, baby rubber plant, and a few more. The happiness and solace that I find being with the plants is simply transcendent. In fact, it is therapeutic for me personally, cleanses the mind from all the clutter, and helps to bring calm and peace. 

Today, in this post, I'm gonna talk about philodendron micans care. This gorgeous heart-leaf philodendron has a deep green velvet leaf finish, and it’s just as easy to take care of as a regular heart-leaf philodendron.

What is a Philodendron Micans?

For those, you might not be aware, Micans is a type of philodendron, which is a large genus of plants in the Araceae family. There are tons of different types of philodendron, and they can look very different. It looks a lot like the typical heart-leaf philodendron you might be used to seeing in some houses or local nurseries.

What sets the philodendron micans apart from the traditional heart-leaf philodendron, though, is its beautiful velvet finish. In fact, the common name for the philodendron micans is the velvet leaf philodendron. The leaves have a greenish-purplish finish with a bit of a shimmer (though not as much of a shimmer as the Scindapsus Pictus Silver Satin pothos has!).

Light Requirements

Philodendron Micans

Like a lot of other philodendrons, velvetleaf philodendron plants enjoy bright indirect light; too much direct light can burn the leaves. They can tolerate slightly lower levels of light as houseplants, but the leaves will be smaller. The plant might also become a bit stemmy or leggy when it doesn’t have bright indirect light. Stemmy/leggy just means that there is more space between each leaf—the stems become more sparse.

Water and Humidity: What’s Best?

Avoid overwatering your velvet leaf philodendron and you’ll be fine. That means watering it again when the top inch or so of soil dries out. Be careful to not let the soil dry out too much—a sure sign of this is when the soil begins to contract and pull inwards away from the edges of the planter.

This won’t necessarily hurt the plant if it happens a time or two. However, when the soil shrinks away from the sides of the planter, water can escape down those gaps and go right to the bottom—not even hitting the roots! Find the sweet spot between the soil beginning to dry out and starting to shrink. When the plant is not actively growing in the winter, you can water it less—about once a month.

While velvet leaf philodendron is very patient with all types of indoor humidity levels, you’ll find that the leaves are bigger and healthier when humidity levels are a bit higher. I have mine in a small bathroom winter that gets afternoon sun and all of the nice humidity that comes with showers! It’s the perfect spot for it.

A few ways to up the humidity around any plant are to mist the leaves with plain water in a spray bottle, set the plant pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water (make sure the pot isn’t submerged in the water), or use a good ol’ fashioned humidifier. It’s also very tolerant of a normal range of household temps.

Soil and Fertilizer for Philodendron Micans

Philodendron Micans

Any well-draining indoor potting soil is a safe bet. I don’t typically use anything fancy for my plants. Occasionally I’ll use a regular soil and lighten it up myself using some vermicompost and coco peat, which are both excellent supplies to have on hand for any house plant hobbyist.

I also feed my philodendron micans the same regular house plant fertilizer I give the whole gang. It’s a concentrated liquid fertilizer I add to the watering can once a month. Keep in mind that you might not need additional fertilizer if your soil is fresh. And don’t fertilize in the winter.

Growth Rate and Repotting

With proper philodendron micans care habits, it will be a fast grower, quickly trailing or climbing many feet. Mine is a younger plant, so it isn’t that long, but it has already developed some decent length! My heart-leaf philodendron reaches down to the floor from a 5-ish foot tall shelving unit, something I just love! :)

When repotting, size up only about 2 inches. Otherwise, the plant might develop root rot from sitting in excess amounts of wet soil. You want to give the plant ample room to flourish and grow without drowning it!

A pot with a drainage hole really is best for the micans, too—it will help you avoid overwatering.


The velvetleaf philodendron has very low pruning needs, but trimming the stems can help give the plant a fuller look. That’s because cutting the ends off of stems encourages new growth out from the side of the area on the stem just above the cut. If you don’t trim the plant, the single strands will just continue growing with no branching.


Philodendron Micans

Propagating philodendron micans is surprisingly easy—the process is a lot like propagating pothos plants from cuttings. Both methods use stem cuttings, which basically just means cutting off the end of one of the stems, making sure to include a few leaves.

You also want to make sure there are nodes on the branch you cut. Those are just basically little nubs along the stems. It’s where roots grow. Remove a few of the bottom leaves to stimulate more root growth and add the cutting in a glass of water.

You can also plant the cutting in moist soil, but I generally find water propagation to be easier. Using a clear glass container lets you monitor root development, and you don’t have to worry about keeping the soil moist to encourage new root growth.

Common Problems

1. Pest infestations

Philodendron micans plants are vulnerable to the normal array of houseplant pests: mealybugs and aphids, often caused by overwatering, and scale (a common issue for umbrella plants). A sure sign of scale is a sticky residue on and around the plant.

These plants are also prone to spider mite infestations, which are the worst. Two of my elephant ear plants have also fallen victim to spider mites indoors. Spider mites thrive on warm, dry air indoors—both infestations happened during the winter.

Misting your plant with cool water can help keep spider mites at bay. Spraying neem oil will help get rid of an infestation.

Philodendron Micans

2. Yellowing or Limp Leaves

Too much direct light can burn the leaves, leading to a yellowing effect. Too little light can also lead to yellowing leaves, confusingly enough. Limp leaves can be a sign of too much or too little water. If your leaves are yellow or limp, try adjusting your light situation and watering habits to be more in line with recommendations for this plant.

Your plant should rebound quickly once you fix the problem, and the leaves should perk back up. Don’t worry if some leaves are permanently damaged. You can simply pluck them off and the plant will continue growing.

3. Brown leaves

A lack of humidity in the air around this plant can dry the leaves out, leading to brown edges or tips. Browning can also be from too much direct light—a burn. Adjust light accordingly. And speaking of burning, over-fertilizing can also lead to a burning effect on the leaves. Remember that more fertilizer doesn’t necessarily mean a healthier plant; always fertilize as prescribed on the bottle. If you think your plant has a buildup of fertilizer in its soil, flush the soil out thoroughly with just plain water.

Hope you found this detailed guide useful. I would love to hear from you people, go on and comment or write back!

Cheers and best wishes!

Chao 👋

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